What Are Blackheads & How to Treat Them

What Are Blackheads? Let’s talk about pores, which is where blackheads start.” Pores are the opening of the pilosebaceous system, or the hair and oil gland,”says Michele Farber, MD, a skin specialist at Schweiger Dermatology Group in New York City. “They help regulate wetness by depositing sebum, or oil, to assist secure the skin from the environment.”

Within this essential opening in the skin, sebum and dead skin cells can pile up, eventually forming a stopped up pore or “plug.” And when this combination of particles is open to the air, the oxygen then oxidizes it– thus turning it black. (For that reason, blackheads are also known as open comedones.)

Blackheads are a type of acne, but unlike pustules, papules, and cysts, there’s no swelling or P. Acnes bacteria involved in their formation. On the bright side, there’s not typically a load of swelling or inflammation around blackheads. (Not sure what kind of acne you’re dealing with? No sweat: We have a helpful guide to assist you tell the difference.)

Blackheads– we satisfy again. And again. And again. Frustrating however ultimately safe, they’re repeat transgressors that come out of nowhere to end an excellent skin day prior to it starts. And forget attempting to remove a blackhead without turning your skin red and upset, since going the DIY route can only make matters worse. There’s a light at the end of the skin care tunnel: Once you learn how to get rid of blackheads and avoid them from forming, they can be remarkably easy to deal with. With this blackhead elimination guide, you’ll remain in the prepared and clear to get your radiance on in no time.

What Causes Blackheads?

Blackheads are not triggered by bad health, because dirt isn’t normally associated with the development of blackheads. (That being said, dirt does not help matters, and cleansing is always an excellent idea no matter what your skin issue might be.)

Blackheads can happen to anybody, however depending on your skin type– whether you produce more sebum or have dead skin cells to create those plugs, for example– you might be more most likely to get them. “For oily or acne-prone skin, oil glands end up being stopped up and appear as whiteheads or blackheads,” Dr. Farber says.

How to Remove and Treat Blackheads

Instead, your initial step to eliminating blackheads is to clean out dead skin cells. A great way to start that is with a beta hydroxy acid, or BHA, which you can utilize”to identify reward, “states esthetician Ava Lemons.”It’s oil-soluble, so it will have the ability to separate excess oil.” Its oil-soluble composition likewise suggests that BHA has the unique capability to dive deep into pores, dealing with blackheads from the inside out. That’s why you can find it in the Watermelon Glow Pore-Tight Toner, which harnesses willow bark (a natural, gentler source of BHAs) to keep pores tight and tidy while softening skin.

The acids don’t stop there. “Gentle exfoliation with alpha-hydroxy acids likewise assists eliminate excess debris and oil to keep skin clear,” states Dr. Farber. Understood as AHAs, they slough away the layer of dead skin cells that can form on your skin, potentially getting into pores and hence causing blackheads. They’re a mainstay in the Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask, which nourishes skin and improves pores while you snooze. Together, AHAs and bhas provide a one-two punch of pore-clearing power, making it the perfect combo for treating existing blackheads.

Blackheads do disappear naturally, but that can take a long time (we’re talking a number of weeks or even months). To remove them quicker, just make sure you’re doing it properly.

That implies not using your fingers, and definitely not utilizing blackhead removal tools. Unless you’re a professional, manually poking and squeezing your skin can possibly create more trauma to the area, which might result in inflammation there. Sure, you might remove your blackhead– but you might likewise trigger inflammation and scarring, too.

Another great way to stop blackheads prior to they begin? Retinol. “Using retinol frequently helps decrease the oil content and reduce accumulation on the top layer of the skin,” describes Dr. Farber. “Regular, proper exfoliation helps to minimize acne [in basic] and obstructing of pores.” Look no more than the Avocado Melt Retinol Sleeping Mask, which provides a kind of encapsulated retinol that’s far gentler than its traditional (and non-encapsulated) counterparts.

How Can You Prevent Blackheads? Do not fall for the error of avoiding moisturizer, which prevails among those prone to blackheads and other kinds of acne. “A lot of individuals with blackheads believe that hydrating will make them even worse,” says Lemons. “But when you do not moisturize, your skin will produce more oil– which will result in more blackheads.”

With this well-rounded approach, blackheads will be on their way– and you’ll be one step better to the glass skin of your dreams, no less. It’s a win-win.

The much better option is to keep your skin properly hydrated throughout the day, and there’s no much easier method to do that than by using a hydrating mist, like the Watermelon Glow Ultra-Fine Mist. The bi-phase formula carefully gets rid of dead skin cells with a combination of naturally obtained AHAs and hyaluronic acid. Simply shake and spray.

Learn more about breakout-prone skin:

And forget trying to remove a blackhead without turning your skin red and angry, because going the DIY route can just make matters worse. There’s a light at the end of the skin care tunnel: Once you discover how to get rid of blackheads and avoid them from forming, they can be remarkably easy to deal with. Blackheads can take place to anyone, however depending on your skin type– whether you produce more sebum or have dead skin cells to create those plugs, for circumstances– you might be more likely to get them. Rather, your very first action to getting rid of blackheads is to clear out dead skin cells. Known as AHAs, they slough away the layer of dead skin cells that can form on your skin, potentially getting into pores and therefore causing blackheads.

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